Fast trains are currently being used in European countries such as France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Japan, China and South Korea.
Leading the high-speed train lines, Japan is also the country with the highest passenger density. 120 million passengers per year carry more trains than 305.
The increased capacity requirement on the rail journey led to the emergence of a high-speed train in both Japan and France. Japan is the first country to use fast trains. Construction of the Tokaido Shinkansen High Speed Line between Tokyo and Osaka for the first time at 1959
has begun. The Shinkansen line, which was opened in 1964, is the busiest high-speed train line in the world. The 210 km journey, which was completed in 4 hours at 553 km / h when the line was first opened, today takes 270 hours at 2,5 km / h. While 30 million passengers were transported with 30 trains per day on this high-speed train line, which was unique 44 years ago, today 2452 million passengers are carried on the Shinkansen network, which has a total length of 305 kilometers. Shinkansen carries more passengers than any high-speed rail line in the world, including other lines in Japan. Japan continues to be the first in high speed train. In 2003, Maglev, which moved only a few millimeters above the rail, without direct contact with the rail, reached a speed of 581 kilometers per hour, setting a new world record in this field.
Tgv - France followed by Sncf Japan. In France, the idea of high-speed train (TGV, très grande vitesse- high-Speed Train) emerged with the construction of the Japanese Shinkansen line. French State Railways, which renewed the existing railway line and manufactured lighter private wagons, reached an average speed of 1967 kilometers per hour in its first attempt in 253 and 1972 kilometers in 318. TGV entered service between the cities of Paris and Lyon in September 1981. TGV was very fast compared to regular trains and cars.
Trains quickly gained popularity. Later on, new high-speed train lines were opened in many parts of France. The Eurostar service, which started at 1994, tied its continental Europe to London via the Channel tunnel. This line has been manufactured in accordance with TGV tunneling. Fast trains from London to Paris take 2 hours to 15 hours. Between London and Brussels, only 1 hours can be received in 51 minutes.
After the Japanese Shinkansen, TGV went down in history as the world's second commercial high-speed train line. High-speed trains are used today in France, Germany, Belgium, Spain, England and Italy, as well as in Japan, China and South Korea.
China, which was at the end of the general ranking until 2007, aims to be the country with the largest High Speed Line in the world after the completion of the 832 km line under construction with the 3404 km line it has put into operation between various cities.
In addition, the construction of high-speed train lines in the Netherlands and Switzerland continues, while in some countries new high speed train lines are planned.
Source : http://www.demiryolu.net