100 annual transportation projects

The book titled The Crazy Projects of the Ottoman Empire, prepared by researcher Turan Şahin, includes bridge, subway and tube crossing projects with a history of more than 100 years, designed to solve the transportation problem of Istanbul.
Following the "Kanal Istanbul" project announced by Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan as the "2023 project"; 'Crazy projects' that would solve Istanbul's transportation problem were on the agenda of the public. But the 'crazy projects' designed to solve the transportation problem in the city have a history of more than 100 years. The Crazy Projects of the Ottomans, prepared by Turan Şahin, reveals the Golden Horn-Black Sea Canal, the Bosphorus bridge, tube passage and metro projects, which are considered as an alternative Bosphorus, as well as the canal project that aims to connect the Suez Canal with the Don and Volga rivers. taking out.

THE DECISION OF THE ASSEMBLY
The most interesting projects in the Crazy Projects of the Ottoman book published by Yitik Hazine Yayınları are the ones that were developed to solve the transportation problem of Istanbul about 100 years ago. Especially the decision of the Meclis-i Vükela dated June 17, 1918, which envisions connecting Asia with Europe by bridge or tunnel, shows that the Ottoman administration gave importance to the transportation issue. Hamidiye Bosphorus Bridge Project also points out this importance given. Author Turan Şahin explains that the plan aiming to unite the Anatolian Fortress and the Rumeli Fortress had been the subject of the press before, but the Ottoman Crazy Projects revealed new details: “When we reach the Hamidiye Bosphorus Bridge Project from the Ottoman archives, it is not just the drawings. We saw that there are also offers and contract texts. For the first time, we have demonstrated the fact that mosque domes on bridge piers are mobile and equipped with cannons. " Beyazıt-Şişli Metro, the project of which was drawn by the French engineer Henri Gavand, is one of the projects prepared to facilitate transportation. Şahin emphasizes that the contract text of the project, signed on October 15, 1912, is also included in this book for the first time. Şahin also says that the project has three more elements: Beyazıt-Kumkapı, Beyazıt-Eyüp and Eyüp-Dolmabahçe lines. Another transportation project that was mentioned in the Ottoman period is the tube passage. The project, which envisions connecting Sirkeci and Haydarpaşa, which are the starting points of the railways opening to Europe and Anatolia, with a tube passage was prepared by S. Prerault. The sketch of this project is also included in the book. In the sketch dated 3 August 1891, which came out of the archives of the Republic, there is also the signature of Sultan Abdülhamid.

'TUNNEL TRIPPED'
According to Turan Şahin, the factor that triggered these projects, which were intended to ease transportation in Istanbul, was the Galata Tunnel, which is the second subway in the world, connecting Karaköy and Beyoğlu. Stating that the existence of Tünel gave birth to the idea of ​​a tube passage, subway and funicular, Şahin said, "If Beyazıt-Şişli Metro was put into practice, what kind of projects would be developed and presented to the palace?" she asks. According to Şahin, if these projects were realized and they became commonplace for the Ottoman people, we would be talking about much more crazy Ottoman projects today.

PLANNED TO GAP
In the book The Crazy Projects of the Ottomans, it is also told that the Ottoman administration was planning to restore the arid region that had barriers to the Euphrates and Tigris rivers. In addition, the project that aimed to produce drinking water from sea water that would meet the clean water needs of the Middle Eastern countries under the Ottoman rule at that time is also included in the book.

Source : www.sabah.com.t is

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