Nükhet Işıkoğlu: The anonymous hero of the railways lar Nuri Demirağ N

Hello .. In this article I would like to introduce you to an anonymous hero Merhaba

His name is not known. We do not have frequent hearing. Especially for those born after 1950s, the name is very foreign to the ears bir Because it is not given to an airport, a street or a park.

In the first years of our republic, we are a person who believes wholeheartedly about the important sources of our development move, the resources of this country, the citizens of this country, the brain power y

Cesaret Nuri Demirağ eden is a name that imagines, encourages, does not give up, claims, takes its work to the end, and creates bold initiatives considering not only herself but also the development of her country and people.

Nuri Demirağ was born in the Divriği district of Sivas in 1886. In 1910, he passed the exam of the Ministry of Finance and was appointed as a finance officer to İstanbul. After a while, he became Finance Inspector. But he had dreams and ideals he wanted to accomplish. This task did not last much, resigned his life with his brother to go into business.

In his first job, 1918 entered the cigarette paper business which was a monopoly of foreigners. He started the construction of the first Turkish cigarette paper and stayed on the Turkish War of Independence for a short while. He named the cigarette paper Türk Turkish Victory Kurt. And he got his first win in business.

Nuri Demirağ, with his limited capital at hand, began to work as a contractor with the great development plans of the Republic Government and the appropriate offers he offered to the state. Until then, a new tender was opened with the construction of the railway companies in France. Nuri Demirağ received the tender by stating that the foreign companies that were invited to the tender will make these roads for one-fourth of the amount they want.

Starting from Samsun, he made the construction of the 1012 km railway in ın Fevzipaşa-Diyarbakır N, ”Afyon-Antalya ily,“ Sivas-Erzurum ”and“ Irmak-Filyos “lines.

Since the land between Sivas and Erzurum was very mountainous and rocky, the tunnels were made by piercing the mountains with sledgehammer. Workers in these mountains because the iron is very hard, with sledgehammer very hard to break, when they say that it takes a lot of time, "If you can break the stone in every sledgehammer you can continue the construction of the stone," he gave the exact instructions, and then concluded with the limited possibilities of the time he has completed the job.

Nuri Demirağ, has carried out his works personally, has always been in the good and bad days of his workers, especially the tunnel where the works became more difficult, he worked shoulder to shoulder with his workers in the rough terrain studies.

He has boasted the money and power he has brought to the state with these works, not by his linking cities with the railway network and his successful construction projects. Length 548 km. reaching Samsun-Erzurum line; 22 138 tunnel, 22 iron bridge and 27 number of workers in the summer months, the Turkish Construction Contractor has opened a new era.

Nuri Demirağ is not only one of the first entrepreneurs of our young Republic, but also a model for our national self-confidence. The signature of the signature of the local engineers and workers in the projects which he believes and implemented is of special importance for the period in which he lives.

He was the person who turned the dream of reaching Atatürk's civilized and civilized nations reality into reality. 10. As stated in the Year March, the baştan motherland of the duck with iron nets played a major role in the writing of the verse la from the beginning. most railway construction to be contractors in Turkey, his work is excellence, effort, with difficult and scarce resources, with a sledgehammer, burrow with a hammer, Ataturk in 1934 for the complete make its railway construction, him and his brother "Demirağ" was the surname.

Tay The 71 annual life in Demirtaş's documentary,, which tells the life of Nuri Demirağ, directed by Savaş Güvezne, says the historian Necdet Sakaoğlu said ın The 35 year is the last 1922-1957 . brother in the construction of the railway for the development of Turkey Naci Bey with enthusiasm and perseverance have carried out the study. . We cannot find any other people who serve the Republican ideology with as much faith as the Demirağ brothers. Cumhuriyet Sakaoglu also says that a railway of about 1.100 miles has been standing as it is with all its tunnels, bridges and lines despite a period of more than 70 years and rağmen Nuri Bey has been the legendary hero of 1930s with his works ayrıca.

Mayor Mehmet Guresinli Divriği said: büyük Today, a journey in the Sivas-Erzurum railway line and seeing the tunnels on the spot is enough to understand the size of the works done even in today's technology. Div

Nuri Demirağ has also completed the construction of the Karabük Iron and Steel Plant, the SEKA Paper Factory and the Merinos Factory. In 1931, 4 brought experts from the United States, and as a result of years of research, the project of the Bosphorus Bridge, which will connect Asia and Europe, was built. The prepared project was taken to Atatürk by Salih Bozok and Atatürk sent the project to the government very much. However, the project was rejected by Ali Çetinkaya, the Minister of Public Works of the period, on the grounds that Boğaz the bridge breaks the beauty of the Bosphorus Fakat. In the 1931 of Nuri Demirağ, the throat bridge project 1973, which was prepared and refused by the railway, passing through the railway, was built by Japanese engineers. But even today, a railway bridge that passes through the railway has not been implemented.

While planning to provide energy to Divriği in 1944, Nuri Demirağ is the first to express, draw and offer the Keban Dam project. The construction of Keban Dam was only included in the parliamentary agenda in 1966.

He took important steps in the field of aviation, in which he emphasized the importance of Atatürk by saying, önemli It is in the heavens. The Republic of Turkey's richest businessmen of the period to get new planes asks them to contribute money to help the army. For this purpose, they come to Nuri Demirağ. Nuri Bey iy If a nation can not live without a colloquial, so we should not wait for other people's grace to live this vehicle. I am willing to make the factory of these planes Ben. 1936 establishes a large workshop in Istanbul Besiktas, Istanbul, in order to make model and manufacturing works at the location of the Naval Museum. The 10 school plane from THK receives the order of the 65 glider and immediately starts production. Selahaddin Bey, who studied aircraft engineering in France, and a workshop with experts from Germany are transformed into a manufacturing factory.

Today International Istanbul Ataturk Airport is located on the farm where the runways and hangars do. 1941 opens a Sky School in Yeşilköy to train pilots and technicians.

Nu.D 38 code is given to the first Turkish plane in Istanbul factories. The first aircraft produced by the 1941 flew to Divriği in August.

However, the entrepreneurial spirit that is far ahead of Nuri Demirağ's time cannot find the value he deserves. Airplanes are not taken by THK due to political conflicts and the contract is terminated. Therefore, Nuri Bey built a total of 420 pilots in the flight school he established to prove that the airplanes in his possession are good and reliable, and the pilots who built it fly 60 a thousand hours with the airplanes manufactured there and the aircraft do not have any accidents. Meanwhile, the sale of aircraft abroad is prohibited, factory and airport are expropriated.

Production and sales of Nuri Bey's 1944 KM built in 325, 1000 KM speed, 5000 KM downtime and 38 fit up to 2 fit the production and sale of the fully built domestic Nu.D 3500 1970. The Dakotas used in World War II were only up to 27 fit. In the 6000 purchased by Turkey's F-1944 could rise up to 38 feet. It is also an indication that the Nu.D XNUMX aircraft produced in XNUMX is far above world standards according to that time.

In 1957, Nuri Demirağ passed away with his great achievements, his dreams, his projects, his hopes and his resentments. Leaving a life story that will be followed by…

The war of independence that Atatürk launched in 19 May 1919 in Samsun was also the war of civilization of our nation. Nuri Demirağ and the story of these people whom very few of us know or forget, will shed light on our way of development in the way of modernity and civilization.

"Turkish; He is able to think, make and realize every useful thing that human power can create. Not being able to am I can't, I can't say; I've passed the ego, the existence of af aczi, I have accepted weakness ından. ğinden

Nuri Demirağ, 1938


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