Marmaray Excavations Held History and The Breathtaking Adventure of Excavations turned into Books.

During the Marmaray excavations, a layer-by-layer was opened from Istanbul, Late Ottoman to Early Byzantine and neolithic times. The breathtaking adventure of the excavations turned into a book.
Archeology Museums Directorate of Yenikapı excavations in the 'Excavation Journal with the name of the book' has made a book. The photographs taken during the excavations that took place since 2004 were published in the book of President Abdullah Gül. Gul '' once again to consider the magnificent history of Istanbul, these works will give very important clues belonging to the various periods of humanity and scientists will shed light on '' certainly wrote. The book contains information about the 8 excavations. In the difficult weather conditions such as snow and rain, during the day-to-day excavations, the photos of the workers in the excavation area took place during the break.
58 3 in the late Ottoman period between 3 meters and -1 meters during archaeological excavations starting on the 19 meter of sea level in the 1 thousand square meters area in Yenikapı. century, small ruins and workstations of small workshops and workshops were unearthed. During the works which turned into the most comprehensive archaeological excavations in the history of Istanbul, the center of Theodosius was found in Yenikapı, where a central station was to be installed, between the -6,30 meter and -XNUMX meters, the largest port of the Early Byzantine period.
Although Theodosius Port, built by the mouth of the Lykos (Bayrampaşa) Stream by the Theodosius I (379-395) on the shores of the Sea of ​​Marmara to meet the needs of the growing new capital of the Roman Empire, has lost a significant part of its function as a result of the shafts carried by the Lykos Stream. 11 as a harbor where small ships and boats harbor. It was determined that it continued to be used until the century. 3 13 excavations in the 22 separate area, 5 in the excavation area, 11 in the underground excavation area 35-XNUMX in different sizes and types. XNUMX boat remains dated to centuries have been unearthed. Yenikapı wrecks provided important information about the ship typology of the Byzantine period, shipbuilding technologies and the development of this technology.

35 documented thousand works
The Yenikapı excavations carried out within the scope of Marmaray and Metro Projects started the Neolithic period and the 35 thousand works have been documented to the present day. Important documents on the cultural, artistic and geological changes, ship technology, urban archeology, archaeo-botany, art history, maritime trade, philology and dendrochronology have been reached.

8500 annual Istanbulites
Under the base of Theodosius port found urne-type tombs with architectural remains and simple stone-based branch knots belonging to the Neolithic period below about 6.30 meters below sea level. It is not known in this geography that is similar to the type of tomb that brings Istanbul history back to 8500 years

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