The Kars-Ahılkelek-Tbilisi-Baku railway project, which is planned to be completed in 2012, is rapidly progressing.
History of the Project
Turkey, Azerbaijan and the Turkish Republic which was to provide a direct link to the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars (BTK) railway project related 7 capital of Georgia, on February 2007 Azerbaijan in Tbilisi, has signed a framework agreement between Georgia and Turkey.
Within the scope of the project, the infrastructure of the 105 km line between Kars and Ahılkekek will be constructed according to double line and the superstructure will be constructed as single line, electric and signal. It is planned to rehabilitate the existing one line of 176 km between Ahılkelek-Marabda and Tbilisi.
The construction of the 105 km of railway in the rest of the Kars-Georgian border sections of which will be reconstructed as the project was about 76 km section between Kars-Ahilkelek our country's territory "Turkey-Georgia-Azerbaijan Railway" the Ministry of Transport with the name DLH is located in the General Directorate of Investment Program. The construction of the project was carried out on 20.09.2007.
Georgia jobs is tender completed in part, the basis for the project Georgia's capital Tbilisi 15 km outside Maraba station in 21 November 2007 history of Turkey, Azerbaijan and laid in a ceremony that Georgian presidents attended.
The Importance of the Project for Turkey and the Region
The Kars-Ahilkelek-Tbilisi-Baku Railway Project, which is called the mek Iron Silk Road ari, is planned to be completed in 2010 and 2010 passengers and 1.500.000 million tons of cargo are planned to be transported by 3 year.
Today, the Euro-Asian rail network via Turkey come to Armenia and is divided into three branches in Armenia. The first of these (through Kars-Gumru-Ayrum-Marneuli-Tbilisi) to Georgia; the second (through İçevan-Kazakh-Baku) to Azerbaijan; the third (through Kars-Gumru-Yerevan-Nakhchivan-Meghri-Baku) reaches Azerbaijan.
Turkey's border with Armenia during the Armenian-Azerbaijani War xnumx't to close its doors to Turkey's connected by rail through the former Soviet republics of Armenia has led to the discontinuation of the direct railway connection. Therefore, the European-Asian railway network is still unavailable. Therefore, Turkey, Georgia, Armenia; To Georgia and Azerbaijan over Georgia; Russia and Azerbaijan cannot reach Ukraine, Central Asia and China via these roads. Today railway transportation between Turkey and Iran, Central Asia and China is carried out.
Turkey-Armenia border closed due to the forming of the east-west corridor Europe-Asia railway network can not use the railroad with Armenia is the only opening to the world are forced to perform via Iran. Because Armenia cannot use the Russian Federation-Abkhazia-Georgia-Armenia route, which forms the north-south corridor that has been closed since the 1992-Abkhazian-Georgian War.
Even Turkey-Armenia border gate would open in Turkey, the Caucasus and Central Asia of the rail link is just finding safe to pass through Armenia. In addition, it is known that the old railway line will be repaired and reopened for a few years even if the railway line passing through Armenia, which has not been used since 1993, has been destroyed, the rails have been removed and the political problems have been removed. Kars-Tbilisi-Baku railway in Turkey after the realization of the railway connection with the said region have started to build some new alternative railway projects.
Kars-Tbilisi-Baku Railway Project, to establish direct railway link between Turkey and Georgia and Azerbaijan with Turkey via Georgia to the existing railway line, Central Asia, is intended to create a rail link between China and Mongolia.
In Georgia, there is a railway which is still in use from the period of Soviet Union until Tbilisi to Ahilkelek. With the construction of a railway between Kars Ahilkelek Turkey, Tbilisi and Baku will have the ability to connect and from there to the South Caucasus. Thus, Turkey's Union of the Soviet era, Armenia passing Kars-Gyumri-Tbilisi railway-Ayrum route that needs to be eliminated.
Establishing an alternative route to the existing east-west corridor through Kars-Tbilisi-Baku railway; Central Asia across the Caspian to connect to Turkey; Marmaray Project through Turkey with provision of access through a shorter and safer route between Europe and Central Asia; Turkey-Georgia-Azerbaijan-Turkmenistan passing through the "Rail-Road Combined Transport" by linking it to Central Asia, the Mediterranean and in transit transportation to Central Asia is scheduled to be brought to an important position in Turkey.
which will also become a transport corridor between Russia and Turkey BTK line, and Azerbaijan, Nakhchivan and Turkey to unite with both plays the role of transport corridors between Europe and Asia will be. ICTA is an important project not only economically but also politically. With this project, the Caucasus, Central Asia, a significant portion of the transportation will be provided between the Far East and Europe via Turkey. Turkey, an important bridge next to the location in the world access to energy resources in the Middle East and the Caucasus, will improve its strategic position in transportation with this project.
With the project that is also important for Georgia, new cargoes that do not enter the country and are not brought to Poti Port will be able to be carried. For this reason, Georgia is expected to invest $ 1 million in 200-300 in Ahilkelek region in order to carry more cargo.
Kazakhstan's involvement in the project is important for China's transport to Europe. Kazakhstan's support to the ICTA will increase the economy of the railway. Thus, the project is interested in China as well, without the use of their goods through Russian territory will be possible to transport the South Caucasus and Turkey to Europe. In this case, BTK Railway will really turn into IRON SILK ROAD.
The latest developments in the Caucasus do not affect this project and the project continues as planned.
Turkey - Georgia -Azerbaijan RAILWAY (anti-Ahilkelek-Tbilisi-Baku railway)
The goal of the project:
Providing uninterrupted rail connections between our country and Georgia, Azerbaijan and Central Asia Turkic Republics, it was planned to provide continuous rail transportation from London to China through the revitalization of the historical Silk Road and thus to improve the inter-national economic and cultural cooperation. is included.
Technical Specifications of the Project:
THE TURKEY SIDE ;
- Line length: 73 Km
- Number of lines: Infrastructure Double line and electric (single line in the bodybuilding phase)
- Minimum Radius: 1000 meters
- Maximum Slope:% 016
- Total tunnel length: 10.000 pieces of 19 pieces with various lengths of length 10.280 pieces are available in different lengths.
- Line length: 28 Km.
- Number of lines: Infrastructure Double line and electric (single line in the bodywork phase)
- Minimum Radius: 600 meters
- Maximum Slope:% 016
- Total tunnel length: 2 070 meter tunnel
Current status of the project:
The project, which is located in the Investment Program of the Ministry of Transportation (Railways) with the project number 1999E010020, has been auctioned on the date of 20.09.2007 and the said work is awarded to the Joint Venture of Özgün Yapı Sanayi ve Ticaret A.Ş. The contract for the work in question has been signed on 289.838.988 and the site activities have been started on 02.05.2008 and construction works have been started.
2011 month of October 329 spend TL X million in this business and realized a% 92 rate.
Construction activities continue on 28 km of the Kars - Tbilisi Railway project in Georgia.
Source : http://www.dlh.gov.tr