Istanbul's first Underground / Metro was put into service on January 17, 1875. Tunel, the public transportation system that was built between 1871 and 1876 and connects Karaköy (Galata) and Beyoğlu (Pera) underground, has the distinction of being the first metro of Istanbul. It is the third oldest subway in the world, after the London subway, which was put into service in 1863, and the New York subway, which was built in 1868.
On January 17, 1875, Istanbul's first Underground train/Metro was put into service. In the last years of Sultan Abdulaziz Han's reign, he started to work and Tunnel The underground train, which is called the underground train, is the only means of transportation that has survived from the nineteenth century Istanbul.
Connecting Karaköy and Beyoğlu and known as "Metro" in French, this transport vehicle used to be called the Underground train in Turkish, but for our western needs (!) the word "Metro" was taken exactly and this word has also been used frequently in recent years to solve Istanbul's traffic jam. coin has been repeated.
During his trip to the East, a French engineer named Henry Gawan, who also visited Istanbul, and who was called “Pera” in those years, many people come and go every day from Yüksek Kaldirim, which connects Beyoğlu and “Galata/Karaköy” with the shortest route. He thought that the train that would run on an underground road to be opened in that area would meet a great need, of course, he calculated the profit aspect of the business first of all and contacted well-known construction companies as soon as he returned to France.
Henry Gawan, who could not receive compliments from French companies, later applied to the British and the first underground train of Istanbul was built by the British and cost an estimated one hundred and fifty thousand British pounds.
This five hundred and fifty-meter underground train was operated by the English until 1914 and transferred to an Ottoman company on that date, and in 1939 it was taken over by IETT. The underground train, which could not be operated due to lack of equipment during the Second World War, is still active.