High Speed Trains in the World: High Speed Trains in the World: High speed trains are used today in European countries such as France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Japan, China and South Korea. Japan, which is the pioneer of high speed lines, also has the highest passenger density. With more than XXNXX trains, 120 carries millions of passengers per year.
The increased capacity requirement on the Shinkansen-Rail journey led to the emergence of a high-speed train in both Japan and France. Japan is the first country to start using high speed trains. The construction of the Tokaido Shinkansen High Speed Line started between 1959 and Tokyo Osaka for the first time. The Shinkansen line, opened in 1964, is the busiest high-speed train line in the world. When the line was first opened, the 210 km journey, which was completed in 4 hours with a speed of 553 km / h, today takes 270 hours with a speed of 2,5 km / h. On this high-speed train line, which was unique 30 years ago, 30 million passengers are transported annually with 44 trains per day, while the Shinkansen network, whose total length is 2452 kilometers, is carried by 305 million passengers per year.
Shinkansen carries more passengers than any other high speed train in the world, including other lines in Japan. Japan continues to be the first in high speed train. In 2003 only a few millimeters above the track, moving directly without contact with the track "Maglev"reached a speed of 581 per hour, breaking a new world record in this branch.
Tgv - France followed by Sncf Japan. In France, the idea of high-speed train (TGV, très grande vitesse- high-Speed Train) emerged with the construction of the Japanese Shinkansen line. French State Railways, which renewed the existing railway line and manufactured lighter private wagons, reached an average speed of 1967 kilometers per hour in its first attempt in 253 and 1972 kilometers in 318. TGV entered service between the cities of Paris and Lyon in September 1981. TGV was very fast compared to regular trains and cars.
Trains quickly gained popularity. Later on, new high-speed train lines were opened in many parts of France. The Eurostar service, which started at 1994, tied its continental Europe to London via the Channel tunnel. This line has been manufactured in accordance with TGV tunneling. Fast trains from London to Paris take 2 hours to 15 hours. Between London and Brussels, only 1 hours can be received in 51 minutes.
After the Japanese Shinkansen, TGV went down in history as the world's second commercial high-speed train line. High-speed trains are used today in France, Germany, Belgium, Spain, England and Italy, as well as in Japan, China and South Korea.
China, which is at the end of the general ranking until 2007, aims to become the world's biggest alan High Speed Train Line m after the completion of the 832 km line which is under construction with the 3404 km line that is opened between various cities.
In addition, high speed train lines are planned in the Netherlands and Switzerland, while in some countries new high speed train lines are planned.